Orthopedic Biomaterials is a course that provides a comprehensive overview of orthopedic biomaterials and their use as load bearing members, wear applications, bone bonding applications, and joint replacements. This course will investigate metallic, ceramic and polymeric biomaterials, advantages and disadvantages of each technology, and how they are used in the various orthopedic applications, such as minor or major joint prostheses, osteosynthesis implants, bone deformation correcting implants, bone replacement materials and artificial ligaments. New product developments in this area from a material, technology, and clinical perspective will be presented.
After completing Orthopedic Biomaterials, students will be equipped with a basic understanding of the following:
- What are biomaterials and biocompatibility
- What are the requirements for suitable product use within the body
- What are the properties of bone and cartilage tissues
- What are the risks associated with orthopedic biomaterials
- What are the commercial applications for orthopedic biomaterials
- What are the main classes of orthopedic biomaterials (polymers, ceramics, metal alloys), advantages and disadvantages, and commercial availability
- What are the advancements and new product development technologies on the horizon
Successful completion of Biomedical Polymers or equivalent is recommended but not required.
Students will be assigned 5 homework assignments, and 1 final exam for each course.
- What are biomaterials?
- What does biocompatibility mean?
- Compatible with natural bone
- Osteogenic (osteoconductive, osteoinductive and osteogenic properties
- Resistance to Inflammatory Responses
- High mechanical strength and fracture toughness
- Resistance to wear
- Resistance to corrosion
- Easy to use clinically
- Prostheses coating
- Bone replacements
- Bone matrix materials
- Artificial ligaments
- Surgical cavity fillers
- Meniscus regeneration
- Bovine collagen matrix
- Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)
- Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)
- Cobalt–chrome (Co–Cr)
- Titanium alloy (Ti–6Al–4V))
- Magnesium based implants
- Stainless steel
- Calcium phosphates
- Calcium sulfates
- Bioactive glass
- Artificial cartilage
- Scaffold-based bone reconstruction
- Polymeric resorbable scaffolds
- In situ formation
- Connective-tissue-free interfaces
- Polyaryletherketones (PAEKs)
- Polyvinylidine fluoride
- Advanced alloy systems
This course is Instructor-led and delivered through our award-winning online Learning Management System.